Große Freiheit 36

Die Große Freiheit 36 ist ein Musikclub in Hamburg im Stadtteil St. Pauli. Im Untergeschoss befindet sich der Kaiserkeller.

Bereits in den 1940er Jahren befand sich an der Adresse das durch die Hans-Albers-Filme berühmt gewordene Vergnügungslokal Hippodrom, in dem sich eine mit Sägespänen gefüllte Rotunde befand Puma Fußballschuhe auf Verkauf 2016, in der die Gäste und hauseigene Artisten auf echten Pferden reiten konnten. Im Zweiten Weltkrieg wurde das Gebäude durch Bombenangriffe zerstört und nach 1945 wieder aufgebaut. Bruno Koschmider (* 1926; † 2000), ein ehemaliger Trapezkünstler, eröffnete im Oktober 1959 in der Großen Freiheit 36 den Kaiserkeller mit Platz für 550 Gäste (nicht bestuhlt). Am 19. September 1985 eröffnete der Musikclub unter dem jetzigen bekannten Namen Große Freiheit 36 mit einem Konzert des Bluesgitarristen Rory Gallagher. Ein Jahr später wurde im Untergeschoss der Kaiserkeller wieder eröffnet und im Obergeschoss ein Café eingerichtet. Am 19. Februar 2015 fand in der Großen Freiheit 36 das Clubkonzert zur deutschen Vorentscheidung zum Eurovision Song Contest 2015 statt.
Smokie, Abi Wallenstein, Wishbone Ash, Nick Cave, Extrabreit, LL Cool J, Public Enemy, Rio Reiser, Faith No More, Meat Loaf, R.E.M., Neil Young, Southside Johnny & The Asbury Jukes, Lou Gramm, Billy Preston, Pixies
Ice-T, Deep Purple, Leningrad Cowboys, Gloria Gaynor, Héroes del Silencio, Blur, Pearl Jam, Die Fantastischen Vier, Björk, Marius Müller-Westernhagen, Bob Geldof, Jamiroquai, Sheryl Crow, Faithless, Marilyn Manson, Daft Punk, Robbie Williams 2016 Puma Fußballschuhe Steckdose, Smashing Pumpkins, Backstreet Boys
Wyclef Jean, Placebo, Coldplay, Black Eyed Peas, Kylie Minogue, Busta Rhymes, Tocotronic, Queens of the Stone Age, Underworld, The Roots, Seeed Billig Bogner Skijacke, The White Stripes, Sugababes, Sportfreunde Stiller 2016 fußballtrikots, Kaiser Chiefs, Jimmy Eat World, Xzibit, The Killers, Richard Ashcroft, Swiss, Alligatoah, Kelly Clarkson, Hoodie Allen, Metronomy, Saltatio Mortis
53.5511989.957932Koordinaten: 53° 33′ 4″ N, 9° 57′ 29″ O

Atiyah–Singer index theorem

In differential geometry, the Atiyah–Singer index theorem, proved by Michael Atiyah and Isadore Singer (1963), states that for an elliptic differential operator on a compact manifold, the analytical index (related to the dimension of the space of solutions) is equal to the topological index (defined in terms of some topological data). It includes many other theorems, such as the Riemann–Roch theorem, as special cases, and has applications in theoretical physics.

The index problem for elliptic differential operators was posed by Israel Gel’fand (1960). He noticed the homotopy invariance of the index, and asked for a formula for it by means of topological invariants. Some of the motivating examples included the Riemann–Roch theorem and its generalization the Hirzebruch–Riemann–Roch theorem, and the Hirzebruch signature theorem. Hirzebruch and Borel had proved the integrality of the  genus of a spin manifold, and Atiyah suggested that this integrality could be explained if it were the index of the Dirac operator (which was rediscovered by Atiyah and Singer in 1961).
The Atiyah–Singer theorem was announced by Atiyah & Singer (1963). The proof sketched in this announcement was never published by them, though it appears in the book (Palais 1965). It appears also in the „Seminaire Cartan-Schwartz 1963/64 (Cartan-Schwartz 1965) that was held in Paris simultaneously with the seminar led by Palais at Princeton. The last talk in Paris was by Atiyah on manifolds with boundary. Their first published proof (Atiyah & Singer 1968a) replaced the cobordism theory of the first proof with K-theory, and they used this to give proofs of various generalizations in the papers Atiyah and Singer (1968a, 1968b, 1971a, 1971b).
If D is a differential operator on a euclidean space of order n in k variables
then its symbol is the function of 2k variables
given by dropping all terms of order less than n and replacing ∂/∂xi by yi. So the symbol is homogeneous in the variables y, of degree n. The symbol is well defined even though ∂/∂xi does not commute with xi because we keep only the highest order terms and differential operators commute „up to lower-order terms“. The operator is called elliptic if the symbol is nonzero whenever at least one y is nonzero.
Example: The Laplace operator in k variables has symbol y12 + … + yk2, and so is elliptic as this is nonzero whenever any of the yi’s are nonzero. The wave operator has symbol −y12 + … + yk2, which is not elliptic if k ≥ 2, as the symbol vanishes for some non-zero values of the ys.
The symbol of a differential operator of order n on a smooth manifold X is defined in much the same way using local coordinate charts, and is a function on the cotangent bundle of X, homogeneous of degree n on each cotangent space. (In general, differential operators transform in a rather complicated way under coordinate transforms (see jet bundle); however, the highest order terms transform like tensors so we get well defined homogeneous functions on the cotangent spaces that are independent of the choice of local charts.) More generally, the symbol of a differential operator between two vector bundles E and F is a section of the pullback of the bundle Hom(E, F) to the cotangent space of X. The differential operator is called elliptic if the element of Hom(Ex, Fx) is invertible for all non-zero cotangent vectors at any point x of X.
A key property of elliptic operators is that they are almost invertible; this is closely related to the fact that their symbols are almost invertible. More precisely, an elliptic operator D on a compact manifold has a (non-unique) parametrix (or pseudoinverse) D′ such that DD′−1 and D′D−1 are both compact operators. An important consequence is that the kernel of D is finite-dimensional, because all eigenspaces of compact operators, other than the kernel, are finite-dimensional. (The pseudoinverse of an elliptic differential operator is almost never a differential operator. However, it is an elliptic pseudodifferential operator.)
As the elliptic differential operator D has a pseudoinverse, it is a Fredholm operator. Any Fredholm operator has an index, defined as the difference between the (finite) dimension of the kernel of D (solutions of Df = 0), and the (finite) dimension of the cokernel of D (the constraints on the right-hand-side of an inhomogeneous equation like Df = g, or equivalently the kernel of the adjoint operator). In other words,
This is sometimes called the analytical index of D.
Example: Suppose that the manifold is the circle (thought of as R/Z), and D is the operator d/dx − λ for some complex constant λ. (This is the simplest example of an elliptic operator.) Then the kernel is the space of multiples of exp(λx) if λ is an integral multiple of 2πi and is 0 otherwise, and the kernel of the adjoint is a similar space with λ replaced by its complex conjugate. So D has index 0. This example shows that the kernel and cokernel of elliptic operators can jump discontinuously as the elliptic operator varies, so there is no nice formula for their dimensions in terms of continuous topological data. However the jumps in the dimensions of the kernel and cokernel are the same, so the index, given by the difference of their dimensions, does vary continuously, and can be given in terms of topological data by the index theorem Maje Dresses shop 2016.
The topological index of an elliptic differential operator D between smooth vector bundles E and F on an n-dimensional compact manifold X is given by
in other words the value of the top dimensional component of the mixed cohomology class ch(D)Td(X) on the fundamental homology class of the manifold X. Here,
One can also define the topological index using only K theory (and this alternative definition is compatible in a certain sense with the Chern-character construction above). If X is a compact submanifold of a manifold Y then there is a pushforward (or „shriek“) map from K(TX) to K(TY). The topological index of an element of K(TX) is defined to be the image of this operation with Y some Euclidean space, for which K(TY) can be naturally identified with the integers Z (as a consequence of Bott-periodicity). This map is independent of the embedding of X in Euclidean space ted baker australia outlet. Now a differential operator as above naturally defines an element of K(TX), and the image in Z under this map „is“ the topological index.
As usual, D is an elliptic differential operator between vector bundles E and F over a compact manifold X.
The index problem is the following: compute the (analytical) index of D using only the symbol s and topological data derived from the manifold and the vector bundle. The Atiyah–Singer index theorem solves this problem, and states:
In spite of its formidable definition, the topological index is usually straightforward to evaluate explicitly. So this makes it possible to evaluate the analytical index. (The cokernel and kernel of an elliptic operator are in general extremely hard to evaluate individually; the index theorem shows that we can usually at least evaluate their difference.) Many important invariants of a manifold (such as the signature) can be given as the index of suitable differential operators, so the index theorem allows us to evaluate these invariants in terms of topological data.
Although the analytical index is usually hard to evaluate directly, it is at least obviously an integer. The topological index is by definition a rational number, but it is usually not at all obvious from the definition that it is also integral. So the Atiyah–Singer index theorem implies some deep integrality properties, as it implies that the topological index is integral.
The index of an elliptic differential operator obviously vanishes if the operator is self adjoint. It also vanishes if the manifold X has odd dimension, though there are pseudodifferential elliptic operators whose index does not vanish in odd dimensions.
The proof of this result goes through specific considerations, including the extension of Hodge theory on combinatorial and Lipschitz manifolds (Teleman 1980), (Teleman 1983), the extension of Atiyah–Singer’s signature operator to Lipschitz manifolds (Teleman 1983), Kasparov’s K-homology (Kasparov 1972) and topological cobordism (Kirby & Siebenmann 1977).
This result shows that the index theorem is not merely a differentiable statement, but rather a topological statement.
This theory is based on a signature operator S, defined on middle degree differential forms on even-dimensional quasiconformal manifolds (compare (Donaldson & Sullivan 1989)).
Using topological cobordism and K-homology one may provide a full statement of an index theorem on quasiconformal manifolds (see page 678 of (Connes, Sullivan & Teleman 1994)). The work (Connes, Sullivan & Teleman 1994) „provides local constructions for characteristic classes based on higher dimensional relatives of the measurable Riemann mapping in dimension two and the Yang–Mills theory in dimension four.“
These results constitute significant advances along the lines of Singer’s program Prospects in Mathematics (Singer 1971). At the same time, they provide, also, an effective construction of the rational Pontrjagin classes on topological manifolds. The paper (Teleman 1985) provides a link between Thom’s original construction of the rational Pontrjagin classes (Thom 1956) and index theory.
It is important to mention that the index formula is a topological statement. The obstruction theories due to Milnor, Kervaire, Kirby, Siebenmann, Sullivan, Donaldson show that only a minority of topological manifolds possess differentiable structures and these are not necessarily unique. Sullivan’s result on Lipschitz and quasiconformal structures (Sullivan 1979) shows that any topological manifold in dimension different from 4 possesses such a structure which is unique (up to isotopy close to identity).
The quasiconformal structures (Connes, Sullivan & Teleman 1994) and more generally the Lp-structures Roger Vivier Shoes for Sale, p > n(n+1)/2, introduced by M. Hilsum (Hilsum 1999), are the weakest analytical structures on topological manifolds of dimension n for which the index theorem is known to hold.
Suppose that M is a compact oriented manifold. If we take E to be the sum of the even exterior powers of the cotangent bundle, and F to be the sum of the odd powers, define D = d + d*, considered as a map from E to F. Then the topological index of D is the Euler characteristic of the Hodge cohomology of M, and the analytical index is the Euler class of the manifold. The index formula for this operator yields the Chern-Gauss-Bonnet theorem.
Take X to be a complex manifold with a complex vector bundle V. We let the vector bundles E and F be the sums of the bundles of differential forms with coefficients in V of type (0,i) with i even or odd, and we let the differential operator D be the sum
restricted to E. Then the analytical index of D is the holomorphic Euler characteristic of V:
The topological index of D is given by
the product of the Chern character of V and the Todd class of X evaluated on the fundamental class of X. By equating the topological and analytical indices we get the Hirzebruch–Riemann–Roch theorem. In fact we get a generalization of it to all complex manifolds: Hirzebruch’s proof only worked for projective complex manifolds X.
This derivation of the Hirzebruch–Riemann–Roch theorem is more natural if we use the index theorem for elliptic complexes rather than elliptic operators. We can take the complex to be
with the differential given by . Then the i’th cohomology group is just the coherent cohomology group Hi(X, V), so the analytical index of this complex is the holomorphic Euler characteristic Σ (−1)i dim(Hi(X, V)). As before, the topological index is ch(V)Td(X)[X].
The Hirzebruch signature theorem states that the signature of a compact smooth manifold X of dimension 4k is given by the L genus of the manifold. This follows from the Atiyah–Singer index theorem applied to the following signature operator.
The bundles E and F are given by the +1 and −1 eigenspaces of the operator on the bundle of differential forms of X, that acts on k-forms as
times the Hodge * operator. The operator D is the Hodge Laplacian
restricted to E, where d is the Cartan exterior derivative and d* is its adjoint.
The analytic index of D is the signature of the manifold X, and its topological index is the L genus of X, so these are equal.
The  genus is a rational number defined for any manifold, but is in general not an integer. Borel and Hirzebruch showed that it is integral for spin manifolds, and an even integer if in addition the dimension is 4 mod 8. This can be deduced from the index theorem, which implies that the  genus for spin manifolds is the index of a Dirac operator. The extra factor of 2 in dimensions 4 mod 8 comes from the fact that in this case the kernel and cokernel of the Dirac operator have a quaternionic structure, so as complex vector spaces they have even dimensions, so the index is even.
In dimension 4 this result implies Rochlin’s theorem that the signature of a 4-dimensional spin manifold is divisible by 16: this follows because in dimension 4 the  genus is minus one eighth of the signature.
Pseudodifferential operators can be explained easily in the case of constant coefficient operators on Euclidean space. In this case, constant coefficient differential operators are just the Fourier transforms of multiplication by polynomials, and constant coefficient pseudodifferential operators are just the Fourier transforms of multiplication by more general functions.
Many proofs of the index theorem use pseudodifferential operators rather than differential operators. The reason for this is that for many purposes there are not enough differential operators. For example, a pseudoinverse of an elliptic differential operator of positive order is not a differential operator, but is a pseudodifferential operator. Also, there is a direct correspondence between data representing elements of K(B(X), S(X)) (clutching functions) and symbols of elliptic pseudodifferential operators.
Pseudodifferential operators have an order, which can be any real number or even −∞, and have symbols (which are no longer polynomials on the cotangent space), and elliptic differential operators are those whose symbols are invertible for sufficiently large cotangent vectors. Most version of the index theorem can be extended from elliptic differential operators to elliptic pseudodifferential operators.
The initial proof was based on that of the Hirzebruch–Riemann–Roch theorem (1954), and involved cobordism theory and pseudodifferential operators.
The idea of this first proof is roughly as follows. Consider the ring generated by pairs (X, V) where V is a smooth vector bundle on the compact smooth oriented manifold X, with relations that the sum and product of the ring on these generators are given by disjoint union and product of manifolds (with the obvious operations on the vector bundles), and any boundary of a manifold with vector bundle is 0. This is similar to the cobordism ring of oriented manifolds, except that the manifolds also have a vector bundle. The topological and analytical indices are both reinterpreted as functions from this ring to the integers. Then one checks that these two functions are in fact both ring homomorphisms. In order to prove they are the same, it is then only necessary to check they are the same on a set of generators of this ring. Thom’s cobordism theory gives a set of generators; for example, complex vector spaces with the trivial bundle together with certain bundles over even dimensional spheres. So the index theorem can be proved by checking it on these particularly simple cases.
Atiyah and Singer’s first published proof used K theory rather than cobordism Cheap Spy Sunglasses Sale 2016. If i is any inclusion of compact manifolds from X to Y, they defined a ‚pushforward‘ operation i! on elliptic operators of X to elliptic operators of Y that preserves the index. By taking Y to be some sphere that X embeds in, this reduces the index theorem to the case of spheres. If Y is a sphere and X is some point embedded in Y, then any elliptic operator on Y is the image under i! of some elliptic operator on the point. This reduces the index theorem to the case of a point, where it is trivial.
Atiyah, Bott, and Patodi (1973) gave a new proof of the index theorem using the heat equation, described in (Melrose 1993) and (Gilkey 1994). Berline, Getzler & Vergne (2004) describe a simpler heat equation proof exploiting supersymmetry.
If D is a differential operator with adjoint D*, then D*D and DD* are self adjoint operators whose non-zero eigenvalues have the same multiplicities. However their zero eigenspaces may have different multiplicities, as these multiplicities are the dimensions of the kernels of D and D*. Therefore the index of D is given by
for any positive t. The right hand side is given by the trace of the difference of the kernels of two heat operators. These have an asymptotic expansion for small positive t, which can be used to evaluate the limit as t tends to 0, giving a proof of the Atiyah–Singer index theorem. The asymptotic expansions for small t appear very complicated, but invariant theory shows that there are huge cancellations between the terms, which makes it possible to find the leading terms explicitly. These cancellations were later explained using supersymmetry.
The papers by Atiyah are reprinted in volumes 3 and 4 of his collected works, (Atiyah 1988a, 1988b)

Luis López Nieves

Luis López Nieves [note 1] (born January 17, 1950) is one of the most influential and best-selling Puerto Rican authors in history. He has won the National Literature Prize on two occasions: first, in 2000

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, with his novel Voltaire’s Heart. He published two other books including Seva, and Writing for Rafa. His short stories have been published in Latin American and Spanish anthologies.

López Nieves created and is the director of the first Master’s Program in Creative Writing of Latin America, at the Sacred Heart University, in San Juan. He also founded and directs Ciudad Seva Digital Library (Ciudad Seva), that has received more than 63 million visitors from all over the world (in March 2013).
López Nieves has a BA in General Studies from the University of Puerto Rico; also an MA in Hispanic Literature and a Ph.D. in Comparative Literature, both from State University of New York at Stony Brook.
He has collaborated with several newspapers and written two TV miniseries. He has written the scripts for PSA advertisements. He has been visiting professor at the University of Massachusetts Boston and was a Ford Foundation Fellow Christian Louboutin Outlet Australia.
During two year he wrote his column Byzantine Letters (Cartas Bizantinas) in the largest newspaper of Puerto Rico, El Nuevo Día.
His books The True Death of Juan Ponce de León (2000) and Voltaire’s Heart (2005) have won the National Literature Prize. Additional books he has published include Seva and Writing for Rafa The Kooples Clothing. His short stories have been published in Latin American and Spanish anthologies. In 2009 he published his latest novel, Galileo’s Silence (El silencio de Galileo), simultaneously in Spain and in Latin America.

William R. Smith (Mormon)

William Reed Smith (11 August 1826 – 15 January 1894) was a Utah territorial politician and a leader of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) in Utah

Smith was born in Yonge Township, Leeds County, Upper Canada, as the youngest of nine children born to Peter Smyth and Mary Read. Both of his parents died when he was very young, so at the age of two years and ten months he was taken in by neighbours, Samuel and Fanny Parrish, who raised him to adulthood. The Parrishes raised Smith in the Quaker religion.
In 1837, the Parrishes and Smith moved to Stark County, Illinois. In the late 1830s, as Latter Day Saints began gathering in nearby Nauvoo, the Parishes and Smith became interested in Mormonism. Smith was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in 1841, on his 15th birthday.
In 1849, Smith traveled to the Salt Lake Valley as a Mormon pioneer. In Utah Territory, Smith settled in Centerville. In 1855, Smith was appointed as the bishop of the LDS Church’s Centerville Ward, and served in this position until 1877. During his time as bishop, Smith was involved in the Mormon Reformation

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, and accompanied Jedediah M. Grant in a tour of Utah in which the merits of rebaptism were presented. Smith himself was rebaptized on 29 September 1856.
In 1859, Smith was elected to represent Centerville in the House of Representatives of Utah Territory. He was elected to finish the unexpired term of Charles C. Rich, who had resigned so that he could travel to Europe as a missionary for the LDS Church. Smith was subsequently elected to full terms in the House of Representatives in 1860, 1862

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, and 1864. From 1874 to 1883, Smith was an elected probate judge in Davis County, Utah.
From 1865 to 1867, Smith was a missionary for the LDS Church in England, Ireland, and Scotland. While traveling to and from Europe, he visited relatives in Ontario

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In 1874, Smith was appointed the president of the Centerville branch of the United Order. In 1877, Smith became the first president of the newly organized Davis Stake of the LDS Church, and he served in this position until his death. During his tenure, the first Primary of the LDS Church was organized in his stake boundaries by Aurelia Spencer Rogers.
In 1880, Smith became a member of the LDS Church’s Council of Fifty, a body which advised the church on political, economic, and social issues affecting Latter-day Saints.
In 1885, Smith and two other men traveled to western Canada to examine the possibility of establishing Mormon colonies in the area. On this trip, the men investigated a number of potential settlement locations in Alberta south of Lethbridge. Smith purchased a tract of land, which was later settled as Spring Coulee, Alberta. Smith’s investigations led to the establishment of Cardston by Charles Ora Card in 1887

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Like many 19th-century members of the LDS Church, Smith practiced plural marriage, and had five wives simultaneously. In July 1887, Smith was arrested for violating the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act. He pleaded guilty, and on 31 March 1888 was sentenced to six months‘ imprisonment and a $300 fine. Smith was imprisoned until 20 July 1888, when he was pardoned by U.S. President Grover Cleveland.
Smith died in Centerville of „stricture of the bowels“—which today would probably have been identified as colorectal cancer. He was survived by three wives and 28 children.

SOS Outreach

SOS Outreach is a national youth development 501(c)3 non-profit that utilizes outdoor experiential learning to inspire positive decision making for healthy and successful lives. Every SOS program incorporates the six core values of courage, discipline, integrity, wisdom, compassion, and humility. SOS mentors help students define and practice these core values as they provide a consistent adult presence for students who may not otherwise have a positive role model in their lives. Targeting kids with poor grades, low attendance and behavioral issues Cheap Spy Sunglasses Sale 2016, SOS intervenes in situations that typically lead to high school dropout. The programs are designed to establish protective factors such as social skill practice, physical health knowledge, safe and supportive relationships, and community bonds. SOS teaches a year-round, multi-year progressive curriculum, focusing on character development Ted Baker Dresses UK, values-based leadership training, social justice advocacy, and peer mentoring.
(Figures are from fiscal year July 1,2011 – June 30, 2012)
SOS Outreach offers progressive multi-year programs to facilitate long-term development of participants. All programs offer the value-based leadership curriculum that enhances the experience for students by promoting self-respect, positive relationships, social justice and positive values. Students discuss and discover the meaning of the core values: courage, discipline, integrity, wisdom, compassion and humility. SOS Sherpas(adult mentors) are crucial to the success, as they provide a positive role model and the necessary support and guidance for a transformative experience, and encourage the students to uncover the way these values affect the student’s everyday actions.
Since inception, SOS Outreach has grown to serve over 5,000 kids annually. Headquarters are based in Vail Valley, Colorado with additional outposts near Breckenridge, Denver, Lake Tahoe, and Seattle

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. In winter 2012/13, the organization partnered with thirty-two ski resorts in nine states to provide outdoor experiential learning to at-risk and underprivileged youth through downhill skiing and snowboarding. SOS Outreach has partnered with mountain resorts, governmental agencies Free People Sale, youth agencies, foundations, and corporations.
(Figures are from fiscal year July 1,2011 – June 30, 2012)
SOS Outreach is dedicated to gathering quantitative and qualitative data to improve the curriculum. Each student completes a pre-evaluation survey when they register for the program and a post-evaluation upon graduation. SOS uses an evaluation tool called the “Individual Protective Factors Scale.” The scale was created by Professor Peter Witt from the University of Texas A&M and it enables SOS to determine if its programs are successful by measuring which protective factors in participants are strengthened. Participants in the survey are given a scale of 1=strongly disagree to 5=strongly to answer questions pertaining to the protective factors. The program staff distributes the survey before the program session and again upon completion.
During the 2009/2010 season, SOS saw an increase in nine of the ten protective factors, while one category saw no change. Significant increases were seen in five of the 10 areas measured:
Further, all program staff, volunteers and teachers receive a qualitative survey at the end of the program session. The survey provides important feedback on the impact of SOS programs and highlights opportunities for growth. SOS analyzes the surveys at the end of each season to identify program improvements.
SOS evaluation results demonstrate that the programs provide participants with the necessary structure, positive interactions, and opportunities to succeed academically, athletically and personally.
In 2008 and 2011, RRC Associates from Boulder, Colorado facilitated an in-depth survey of SOS participants. Some highlights of impact include:
In 2012, SOS was also the focus of a doctoral dissertation that investigated the process by which at-risk youth build resiliency. Dr. Lisa Schrader’s findings demonstrated that the longer students are engaged in the core value based leadership program, the more they are integrating and utilizing the benefits in all areas of their lives. The opportunities SOS provides, including engagement with positive adult role models, and the longevity of its programs, create the organization’s impact.
(Figures are from fiscal year July 1,2011 – June 30, 2012)

Frederick Buscombe

Frederick Buscombe (September 2, 1862 – July 21, 1938), was the 11th Mayor of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. He served from 1905 to 1906. A glassware and china merchant, he was a President of the Vancouver Board of Trade in 1900.
Buscombe was born in 1862 at Bodmin, Cornwall, England, to Edwin and Isabella Oliver Grilles Buscombe. He immigrated to Canada with his family in 1870, settling near Hamilton Cheap The Kooples, Ontario, where his father became a builder. He first worked in Hamilton from 1878 to James A. Skinner & Company, a glassware and china company, as a travelling salesman from 1878 to 1891. In 1891, his job with the company brought him west to Vancouver, where he established an office with his brother, George. Prior to 1891, he visited the Vancouver area twice, in 1884 and 1886. He served as a partner of the company in Vancouver until 1899, when he bought out the company, and established Frederick Buscombe & Co. Ltd. china, glassware and earthenware with his brother, which grew to be one of the largest businesses of the kind in the Canadian West. He was also president of the Pacific Coast Lumber & Sawmills Company, and director of the Pacific Marine Insurance Company. In 1899, he commissioned the Buscombe Building, located at 342 Water Street & 403 West Cordova Street, in Gastown, Vancouver, which is now the site of a restaurant and various businesses.
Buscombe was elected Mayor of Vancouver in 1905. During the election, he advocated for improved financial management within the municipal affairs, earning support from three newspapers, and many businessmen. He served two terms, until 1906. During his mayoralty, he helped develop the Greater Vancouver Water Board. The city council also passed a motion to request suspension of immigration of East Indians to Vancouver due to public discontent of immigrants working in the growing amount construction jobs.
Buscombe served as president of Vancouver’s Board of Trade from 1900 to 1901, and as president of the Vancouver Tourist Association in 1901 2016 maje clothing. A Mason bogner jas, he was also a member of the Vancouver Club, Royal Vancouver Yacht Club, Terminal City Club, Jericho Country Club, and the Sons of England Society. He died at Vancouver 1938 and was buried at Mountain View Cemetery. At the time of his death, he was married to Cora Elsie Bird.
He married Lydia Rebecca Mattice on May 6, 1886, with her he had five children: Robert Frederick Edwin, Harold Edwin Free People On Sale, Erie Stewart, Margery Gordon, and Barnett. He lived in Dundurn, Vancouver. A member of the Church of England, he enjoyed yachting, fishing and golf.

Horreum

Un horreum (pluriel horrea) est un entrepôt de l’époque romaine 2016 pas cher soccer jerseys. Bien que le terme latin évoque souvent le grenier à grain 2016 chaussure de foot, les horrea romains étaient également utilisés pour stocker d’autres types de biens : les Horrea Galbae (en) à Rome abritaient du grain mais aussi de l’huile d’olive, du vin, des vivres, des vêtements et même du marbre.

Les premiers horrea furent construits à Rome à la fin du IIe siècle av. J.-C. Le premier horreum public fut celui construit par le tribun Caïus Gracchus en 123 av. J.-C. Le mot était alors associé à un lieu dédié à la conservation des biens 

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; il pouvait être une cave (horrea subterranea), mais aussi un endroit où on stocke des œuvres d’art ou même une bibliothèque.
À la fin de l’empire, Rome comptait 290 horrea, ceci afin de répondre aux nombreux besoins de la ville. Les plus grands de ces entrepôts étaient gigantesques même selon les normes actuelles. Les Horrea Galbae comportaient 140 pièces au rez-de-chaussée sur une surface totale de 21 000 m2. Certains horrea publics fonctionnaient un peu comme des banques Massif Bogner Ski, comme dépôt d’objets précieux. Les plus nombreux étaient toutefois ceux où l’État stockait et distribuait les aliments comme le grain ou l’huile d’olive.
Lorsque l’empereur Septime Sévère décéda en 211 ap. J.-C., on raconte qu’il laissa assez de nourriture dans les horrea pour approvisionner toute la population de Rome (un million d’habitants selon les estimations les plus courantes) pendant sept ans. Cela nous donne une idée de la place disponible. Des bâtiments similaires (même s’ils étaient plus petits) étaient courants dans les villes, les cités et les forts de l’empire. Des exemples bien préservés ont été fouillés près du Mur d’Hadrien en Angleterre, notamment dans les forts de Housesteads, Corbridge et South Shields. En France, un horreum souterrain (donc plutôt un cryptoportique) a été découvert à Narbonne.
Vus les besoins insatiables de Rome, la quantité de marchandise en transit dans certains horrea de la ville était énorme. On estime que la colline artificielle de Monte Testaccio à Rome qui se trouve derrière le site des Horrea Galbae contient les restes d’au-moins 53 millions d’amphores d’huile d’olive, amphores qui ont servi à importer 6 milliards de litres d’huile.
Les horrea de Rome et de son port Ostie avaient deux étages ou plus. Ils possédaient des rampes plutôt que des escaliers, afin de faciliter l’accès aux étages supérieurs. Les horrea pour le grain étaient construits sur piliers afin de réduire les risques d’humidité et donc de perte. De nombreux horrea servaient également de zones de commerce avec des rangées de petits magasins (les tabernae) disposés autour d’une cour intérieure centrale. Certains étaient même assez élaborés, se rapprochant sans doute de nos galeries marchandes modernes. D’autres, comme ceux d’Ostie, n’avaient pas de cour centrale et présentant des rangées de tabernae dos-à-dos. Au Moyen-Orient, les horrea suivaient un autre plan, avec une seule rangée de tabernae très profondes, toutes ouvertes sur le même côté, ils reflétaient un style architectural qui était très répandus dans les palais et les complexes religieux de la région,.
La sécurité et la protection contre le feu étaient les premiers soucis. Les horrea avaient souvent des murs très épais (jusqu’à un mètre) pour écarter les risques d’incendie. Les fenêtres étaient toujours très étroites et placées très haut pour décourager le vol. Les portes étaient protégées par des systèmes complexes de serrures et de verrous. Même les horrea les plus grands ne disposaient que de deux ou trois portes extérieures qui étaient souvent très étroites et n’autorisaient pas l’entrée de charrettes. Le déplacement les marchandises dans, hors ou à l’intérieur des horrea était très probablement accompli manuellement. Les horrea les plus grands avaient donc des grandes équipes de travailleurs.
Les horrea romains étaient dénommés individuellement. Parfois leurs noms nous renseignent sur le contenu, comme candelaria pour la cire, chartaria pour le papier ou piperataria pour le poivre. D’autres étaient baptisés du nom d’empereurs ou d’autres membres de la famille impériale, comme les Horrea Galbae, qui furent appelées ainsi d’après l’empereur Galba. Deux affranchis Epagathus et Epaphroditus (probablement les propriétaires) ont donné leurs noms à un horreum particulièrement bien conservé d’Ostie.
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Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaja-Linie

Die Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaja-Linie (russisch Таганско-Краснопресненская линия)

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, auch „Linie 7“ genannt, ist eine der zwölf Linien der Metro Moskau.

Einer dieser 23 sich in Betrieb befindenden Bahnhöfen war auf der Linie viele Jahre ein „Geisterbahnhof“. Das war die ehemals als Wolokolamskaja bezeichnete Station, die zwischen den Stationen Tuschinskaja und Schtschukinskaja liegt. Sie wurde 1975 beim Bau des dazugehörigen Streckenabschnitts angelegt und sollte einige Jahre später eröffnet werden. Ursprünglich sollte sie die Bewohner eines großen Wohnblocks, der an Stelle des Tuschino-Flugplatzes errichtet werden sollte, mit einem U-Bahnanschluss versorgen. Da dieses Projekt später verworfen wurde, wurde auch die Station nicht weiter gebaut. Bei ihrer Anlage wurde zunächst lediglich die Bahnsteighalle im Rohbau errichtet. In den 2000er Jahren wurden Pläne entwickelt Neueste Bogner Skijacken Online Shop, die Station fertigzustellen und ihr den Namen Stadion Spartak zu geben, da in ihrem Bereich ein neues Fußballstadion für den Club Spartak Moskau entstehen soll. Am 27. August 2014 wurde sie, nunmehr Spartak genannt, neu eröffnet.
Die Linie hat für die Züge zwei Depots zur Verfügung, – das seit der Linieneröffnung bestehende Depot Wychino sowie das 1975 in Betrieb genommene Depot Planernoje. Bei den Zügen, die auf der Linie eingesetzt werden, handelt es sich um 8-Waggon-Züge der älteren Baureihen E bzw. deren Modifikationen Еж3/Ем508Т Bogner Jacket Outlet. Zwischen 2003 und 2011 wurden alle Züge der Linie einer Generalüberholung unterzogen, die unter anderem zum Ziel hat, die Platzkapazität der Fahrzeuge zu steigern bei gleichzeitiger Kostenersparnis gegenüber der sonst fälligen Anschaffung neuer Fahrzeuge. So wurden bei allen Zwischenwaggons die hier überflüssigen Führerstandskabinen abgebaut und an ihrer Stelle zusätzliche Stehplätze innerhalb der Waggons geschaffen. Außerdem wurde bei der Modernisierung der Züge ihre Inneneinrichtung weitestgehend erneuert, insbesondere wurden neue Sitze installiert sowie die Innenbeleuchtung von den alten Glühlampen auf Leuchtstofflampen umgestellt. Die planmäßige Nutzungsdauer der alten Waggons wurde durch die Modernisierung um 15 Jahre verlängert.
Auf der Linie wurden zwei Stationen nachträglich umbenannt: Die Station Ploschtschad Nogina in Kitai-Gorod (1990) und die Station Schdanowskaja in Wychino (1989). Da der Stationsname Schdanowskaja einer der beiden „Namensgeber“ der Linie war, die bis dahin „Schdanowsko-Krasnopresnenskaja“ hieß, wurde zeitgleich mit ihrer Umbenennung auch die Linie selbst umbenannt; sie erhielt damit ihren heutigen Namen.
Der nordwestliche Außenast der Linie gilt derzeit als komplett. Eine Verlängerung ist nur nach Südosten hin geplant: Sehr langfristig könnte die Linie weiter bis in die Satellitenstadt Ljuberzy verlängert werden.
Die Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaja-Linie ist im Schnitt die meistgenutzte − und damit auch die am meisten überlastete − Linie der Metro Moskau. Die Züge sind wochentags zu Hauptverkehrszeiten hoffnungslos überfüllt, was nicht zuletzt darauf zurückzuführen ist

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, dass die Linie sehr stark von Berufspendlern aus dem Moskauer Umland genutzt wird. Dies führt insbesondere im morgendlichen Berufsverkehr zur völligen Verstopfung der Station Wychino, die einen Übergang von und zu den Nahverkehrszügen sowie zahlreichen Überland-Buslinien hat. Eine teilweise Entlastung dieser Station ergab sich mit der Verlängerung bis Schulebino, doch ansonsten ist die Kapazität der Linie kaum noch zu steigern.

Ignacio Camacho Barnola

Si vous disposez d’ouvrages ou d’articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l’article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références » (modifier l’article, comment ajouter mes sources ?).
Ignacio „Nacho“ Camacho Barnola crampons de football de puma pas cher, né le 4 mai 1990 à Saragosse

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, est un footballeur international espagnol qui joue pour le Málaga CF en Liga. Il joue au poste de milieu défensif.

Pur produit du centre de formation de l’Atlético de Madrid, Camacho fait ses débuts en équipe première le 1er mars 2008 (titulaire, il joue 68 minutes), match gagné 4-2 à domicile contre le grand FC Barcelone.
Le 3 mai 2008, il marque ses deux premiers buts à domicile en Liga 2016 soccer jerseys vente, cette fois contre le Recreativo de Huelva (3-0, la veille de son 18e anniversaire).
Camacho a été capitaine de l’équipe d’Espagne des moins de 17 ans. Il a joué également en sélection -19 ans, -20 ans et -21 ans.
Le 18 novembre 2014, il débute en équipe d’Espagne sous les ordres de Vicente del Bosque lors d’un match amical face à l’Allemagne à Vigo.
Son frère Juanjo est un footballeur qui joue à l’Unión Deportiva Vecindario bogner france.

Oak Tree Racing Association

The Oak Tree Racing Association is an American not-for-profit corporation that exists to conduct live thoroughbred horse racing in Southern California.

In 1968, the Del Mar Thoroughbred Club, operators of Del Mar Racetrack in Del Mar, California, decided to inform California racing authorities that they did not intend to use the fall dates they were granted and to instead race only a summer meet. Clement L. Hirsch, Louis R 2016 lågpris Nike fotbollsskor. Rowan, both leading horse owners, and veterinarian Dr. Jack Robbins, as well as other horsemen and fans were deeply opposed to the move which had the effect of ending live racing in Southern California from September 1 to November 1.
Hirsch, Rowan, Robbins, and several others decided to do something and formed the Oak Tree Racing Association. Dr. Jack Robbins, was a founding Director and became its President. The Association decided against purchasing a racetrack or constructing a new one. Instead they rented Santa Anita Park for the first time in 1969 and remained there until they were evicted by the track before the 2010 season. The association has signed a two-year lease at Hollywood Park starting in 2010, with future seasons in doubt because of the uncertainty of Hollywood Park’s demolition and redevelopment plans for the property.
Generally run in September/October, Oak Tree is considered to be one of the finest race meetings in the country and is renowned for excellent turf racing. During this time it hosts a series of races for California bred horses, led by the California Cup Classic.
The track conducts many races that lead up to the World Thoroughbred Championships. Oak Tree hosted the Breeders‘ Cup at Santa Anita Park in 1986, 1993, 2003 2016 lågpris Nike fotbollsskor, 2008 and 2009.
Oak Tree is now poised to present its 42nd racing season at Hollywood Park. Throughout the years, Oak Tree has remained dedicated to channeling its profits to research, development and breeding, plus other worthy causes. During its 40-plus years of dedication to the cause of “Horsemen Helping Horsemen,” Oak Tree has contributed more than $26 million to projects benefiting the racing industry. This includes more than $4.6 million in support of projects at the University of California, Davis 2016 billig Adidas fotboll jacka utlopp, Center for Equine Health and Performance. Oak Tree also gives to the Grayson-Jockey Club Foundation, American Horse Council 2016 billig Adidas fotboll jacka utlopp, Race Track Chaplaincy and Winners Foundation, which assists people in horse racing to combat substance abuse. At Santa Anita, horsemen continue to benefit from Oak Tree projects that have remodeled the stable cafeteria, backstretch recreation facility, and the funding of English speaking classes for backstretch workers.
(As noted above re: Oak Tree Racing moving to Hollywood Park, some of these races have been renamed by Santa Anita Park now that its lease with Oak Tree Racing Association has expired (2010).)