Timeline of the 2011 Libyan Civil War before military intervention

Cities controlled by pro-Gaddafi forces
Cities controlled by anti-Gaddafi forces

The Libyan Civil War began on 15 February 2011 as a chain of civil protests and later evolved into a widespread uprising against the regime of Muammar Gaddafi. On 25 February, most of eastern Libya was reported to be under the control of protesters and rebel forces. Gaddafi remained in control of the cities of Tripoli, Sirte and Sabha. By 15 March, however dry phone bag, Gaddafi’s forces had retaken more than half a dozen lost cities substitute for meat tenderizer. Except for most of Cyrenaica and a few Tripolitania cities (such as Misrata) the majority of cities had returned to Gaddafi government control.

On 17 March, the United Nations Security Council passed a resolution which authorized member states „to take all necessary measures … to protect civilians and civilian populated areas under threat of attack in the Libyan Arab Jamhariya, including Benghazi, while excluding an occupation force“. This began a new phase in the conflict.

Gunfire was reportedly heard throughout the night of 21–22 February. Government soldiers were reported to have continued some bombarding to keep defecting soldiers away from the protests. Fighter jets were reported to have targeted army ammunition depots in order to prevent troops from joining the protesters.

International military operations in Libya began on 19 March.